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Reading development expectations

Development in Reading will vary considerably across any class or age group due a number of factors including pre-reading experiences, cognitive readiness and orientation to the task, social maturity, and personal attitude towards books and text.

Early reading experiences, in particular, need to be positive, unforced, rewarding and directed experiences in which the pupil develops an expectation of being able to access the meaning of the text through the print and supporting clues.

Development of increasing fluency through to the ability to access any meaning beneath the surface of the text is intricately tied to social and personal development, personal experiences, the frequency of reading and the example of adults gaining meaning from text in the pupil's life.

The following expectations were developed by the staff of the school to assist parents with monitoring and helping their child in reading. Some of these expectations will not be met by some children at some year level(s) just as others will exceed all of them at every year level.

By "average", we mean a child who we would expect to fall into the average ability range when compared to others of his/her age across the nation.

NB. The expectation of your child's teacher will be that your child keeps moving forward to the next ability level, no matter your child's current level of ability.


By the end of Year 1, the average ability pupil will be:

  • reading unseen text with 95-100% accuracy at Green level
  • recognizing a large number of high-frequency words
  • self-correcting at least at a 1:5 level
  • beginning to take note of punctuation
  • using re-reading as a strategy to check assumptions are correct
  • beginning to use phonic skills to decode unknown words
  • making correct letter/sound links
  • using visual cues
  • reading left to right without issue; having all concepts about print under control
  • able to retell a read story in sequence
  • able to answer simple comprehension questions
  • reading at this level with fluency
  • able to focus on the task when reading independently

Note: A high-ability pupil could be showing reading skills comensurate with an average pupil two or more years older.

 

By the end of Year 2, the average ability pupil will be:

  • reading unseen text with 95-100% accuracy at Turquoise level
  • reading at this level with fluency
  • taking note of punctuation in reading aloud
  • increasing the number of high-frequency words recognised
  • using and integrating a variety of cues
  • predicting and self-correcting at a 1:3 level
  • finding information from the text
  • able to answer comprehension questions about the text

Note: A high-ability pupil could be showing reading skills comensurate with an average pupil two or more years older.

 

By the end of Year 3, the average ability pupil will be:

  • reading unseen text with 95-100% accuracy at Gold level
  • begining inferential comprehension
  • using an integration of all cues
  • independently reading for pleasure

Note: A high-ability pupil could be showing reading skills comensurate with an average pupil two or more years older.

 

By the end of Year 4, the average ability pupil will be:

  • reading unseen texts of a 8 - 9 yr old reading level or higher with 95-100% accuracy and with 95% comprehension;
  • able to retell the main points of a text which they have read at this level;
  • able to infer meaning of a simplistic nature from the text;
  • independently reading texts at this level for pleasure.

Note: A high-ability pupil could be showing reading skills comensurate with an average pupil two or more years older.

 

By the end of Year 6, the average ability pupil will be:

  • reading texts of a 10 - 11 yr old reading level or higher with 95-100% accuracy and with 95% comprehension;
  • able to retell the main points of a text which they have read at this level;
  • able to explain the main purpose of the author in writing the text.
  • able to infer meaning from within the text;
  • able to skim read to locate material within a text;
  • independently reading texts at this level for pleasure.

Note: A high-ability pupil could be showing reading skills comensurate with an average pupil two or more years older.

 

By the end of Year 8, the average ability pupil will be:

  • reading texts of a 12 - 13 yr old reading level or higher with 95-100% accuracy and with 95% comprehension;
  • able to retell the main points of a variety of texts which they have read at this level;
  • able to explain the main purpose of the author in writing the text;
  • able to explain the author's point of view and voice;
  • able to infer meaning and interpret character motivation from within the text;
  • able to skim read to locate material within a text;
  • independently reading texts at this level for pleasure.

Note: A high-ability pupil could be showing reading skills comensurate with an average pupil two or more years older.

 

See also Reading development